List Of All 50 State Abbreviations: And Other Interesting Facts

The United States of America has 50 states, and each state has its own 2 letter abbreviation. The United States has had people on it dating as far back as 15,000 BC, but European colonization began in the 1600s, and in the 1760s tensions were extremely high between American colonists and their British counterparts.

Eventually, those tensions boiled over to the point of a war, which the Americans won, and the United States was born. We will go into further detail shortly about the history of the United States, so if you don’t know the detailed history, don’t worry. To learn more about the states, their abbreviations, and some cool facts about the US, check out this guide.

The United States was born in revolution and nurtured by struggle. Throughout our history, the American people have befriended and supported all those who seek independence and a better way of life. – Robert Kennedy

The States and Their Abbreviations

The states and their capitals. Image source: Pixabay

We made a chart that included that states, their abbreviations, their capitals, the populations of the states, the total area the states take up, and the dates the states entered the union. You will notice that for 13 states the dates they entered the union there is a word that says “ratified”. Those 13 states are actually the 13 original colonies that ratified the constitution when it was proposed.

States, Abbreviations, Capitals, Populations, Total Areas, and Year Entered The Union
StateAbbreviationsCapitalPopulation (as of 2015)Total Area (square miles)Year Entered Union
AlabamaALMontgomery4,858,97951,840December 14, 1819 (22nd state to enter union)
AlaskaAKJuneau738,432663,267January 3, 1959 (49th state to enter)
ArizonaAZPhoenix6,828,065113,998February 14, 1912 (48th state to enter union)
ArkansasARLittle Rock2,978,20452,419June 15, 1836 (25th state to enter)
CaliforniaCASacramento39,144,818163,696September 9, 1850 (31st state to enter)
ColoradoCODenver5,456,574104,094August 1, 1876 (38th state to enter)
ConnecticutCTHartford3,590,8865,543January 9, 1788 (ratified)
DelawareDEDover945,9342,489December 7, 1787 (ratified)
FloridaFLTallahassee20,271,27269,898March 3, 1845 (27th state to enter)
GeorgiaGAAtlanta10,214,86065,498January 2, 1788 (ratified)
HawaiiHIHonolulu1,431,60310,931August 21, 1959 (50th state to enter)
IdahoIDBoise1,654,93083,569July 3, 1890 (43rd state to enter)
IllinoisILSpringfield12,859,99557,914December 3, 1818 (21st state to enter)
IndianaINIndianapolis6,619,68035,385December 11, 1816 (19th state to enter)
IowaIADes Moines3,123,89956,272December 28, 1846 (29th state to enter)
KansasKSTopeka2,911,64182,278January 29, 1861 (34th state admitted)
KentuckyKYFrankfort4,425,09240,409June 1, 1792 (15th state admitted)
LouisianaLABaton Rouge4,670,72448,430April 30, 1812 (18th state to enter)
MaineMEAugusta1,329,32836,418March 15, 1820 (23rd state admitted)
MarylandMDAnnapolis6,006,40112,407April 28, 1788 (ratified)
MassachusettsMABoston6,794,42210,555February 6, 1788 (ratified)
MichiganMILansing9,922,57696,714January 26, 1837 (26th state to enter)
MinnesotaMNSaint Paul5,489,59486,936May 11, 1858 (32nd state to be admitted)
MississippiMSJackson2,992,33346,055December 10, 1817 (20th state to enter)
MissouriMOJefferson City6,083,67265,755August 10, 1821 (24th state to enter)
MontanaMTHelena1,032,949147,042November 8, 1889 (41st state to enter)
NebraskaNELincoln1,896,19077,354March 1, 1867 (37th state to enter)
NevadaNVCarson City2,890,845110,561October 31, 1864 (36th state to enter)
New HampshireNHConcord1,330,6089,350June 21, 1788 (ratified)
New JerseyNJTrenton8,958,0138,721December 18, 1787 (ratified)
New MexicoNMSanta Fe2,085,109121,589January 6, 1912 (47th state to enter)
New YorkNYAlbany19,795,79154,556July 26, 1788 (ratified)
North CarolinaNCRaleigh10,042,80253,819November 21, 1789 (ratified)
North DakotaNDBismarck756,92770,700November 2, 1889 (39th state to be admitted)
OhioOHColumbus11,613,42342,774March 1, 1803 (17th state to enter)
OklahomaOKOklahoma City3,911,33869,704November 16, 1907 (46th state to be admitted)
OregonORSalem4,028,97798,381February 14, 1859 (33rd state to enter)
PennsylvaniaPAHarrisburg12,802,50344,825December 12, 1787 (ratified)
Rhode IslandRIProvidence1,056,2981,545May 29, 1790 (ratified)
South CarolinaSCColumbia4,896,14632,020May 23, 1788 (ratified)
South DakotaSDPierre858,46977,116November 2, 1889 (40th state to be admitted)
TennesseeTNNashville6,600,29942,143June 1, 1796 (16th state to be admitted)
TexasTXAustin27,469,114268,581December 29, 1845 (28th state to be admitted)
UtahUTSalt Lake City2,995,91984,897January 4, 1896 (45th state to be admitted)
VermontVTMontpelier626,0429,614March 4, 1791 (14th state to be admitted)
VirginiaVARichmond8,382,99353,179June 25, 1788 (ratified)
WashingtonWAOlympia7,170,35171,300November 11, 1889 (42nd state to be admitted)
West VirginiaWVCharleston1,844,12824,230June 20, 1863 (35th state to be admitted)
WisconsinWIMadison5,771,33759,425May 29, 1848 (30th state to be admitted)
WyomingWYCheyenne586,10797,818July 10, 1890 (44th state to be admitted)

The United States also has 14 territories that it maintains. Some states actually started out as territories, like Alaska and Hawaii, whereas others have remained as territories. Some of the US territories are not inhabited because they are extremely tiny islands, while territories like Puerto Rico has upwards of 3 million people. Here is some information about the United States territories:

United States Territories
TerritoryPopulationLocation
Puerto Rico3.3 millionCaribbean Sea
Guam160 thousandPacific Ocean
U.S. Virgin Islands100 thousandCaribbean Sea
Northern Mariana Islands77 thousandPacific Ocean
American Samoa55 thousandPacific Ocean
Midway Atoll60Pacific Ocean
Palmyra Atoll20Pacific Ocean
Baker Island0Pacific Ocean
Howland Island0Pacific Ocean
Jarvis Island0Pacific Ocean
Johnston Atoll0Pacific Ocean
Kingman Reef0Pacific Ocean
Wake Island0Pacific Ocean
Navassa Island0Caribbean Sea
Serranilla Bank0Caribbean Sea
Bajo Nuevo Bank0Caribbean Sea

Facts About The United States

The American flag. Image source: Public Domain Pictures

Now let’s go over some history and facts about the United states of America.

As we said at the beginning of the article, the American Revolution began in the mid-1760s after the American colonists became outraged over the taxation without representation going on in Britain. Protests and tensions grew until violence erupted, leading to the Boston Massacre in 1770 where British soldiers killed 5 people, which American patriots heavily publicized on, leading to more revolts against the British. The infamous Boston Tea Party occurred in 1773, where colonists dumped an entire shipment of tea into the Boston Harbor as a protest against the British Tea Act, which undercut local tea salesmen. A full-fledged war was launched and the British invaded in 1775 in Lexington and Concord. In 1776 the Declaration of Independence was created and signed, and not long after the Americans won the battle in 1783 when the British surrendered.

Here are some other really cool and exciting facts about the US:

  • Alaska’s coastline is longer than the coastline of the other states’ coastlines combined
  • There are twice as many cows than there are people in Montana
  • The last time the Liberty Bell rang was on George Washington’s birthday in 1846
  • Kentucky has the world’s longest cave system with over 3,000 miles
  • The Smithsonian is the most visited museum in the world with over 9 million visitors in the world
Kate Broome

Kate Broome is a graduate of Texas A&M University with a Bachelor’s degree in English and is currently working on getting her Masters of Arts in English at Southern New Hampshire University. She currently lives in Texas with her two pit bulls, Lennox and Bentley.

Cite this article as:
Kate Broome. List Of All 50 State Abbreviations: And Other Interesting Facts, Science Trends, 2018.
DOI: 10.31988/SciTrends.28104
*Note, DOIs are registered Friday weekly and therefore may not work until then.

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