# The Density Of Metals

The **density of metals** ranges from Osmium at the highest density to lithium at the lowest density of any metal.

Knowing the periodic table is key for most scientists. But just merely knowing the name of each and every one of the elements is not enough.

There is a lot more information that scientists need to be au fait with. And density is one of them. So, what is the *density of all metals*?

**What Is Density?**

Before we go into the specific density for each of the metals in the periodic table, we need to understand what density actually is when we are talking about chemistry.

According to the Merriam Webster dictionary online, density is defined as follows:

The mass of a substance per unit volume”, or “the distribution of a quantity (such as mass, electricity, or energy) per unit usually of space (such as length, area, or volume).

To put it in simpler terms, the density of an element (metal or not) is the measure of mass per unit of volume.” It is important to note that all elements have density but in this article, we will just focus on the densities of metals, specifically.

**What Are Metals?**

Metals are elements that are easily recognized by their physical properties of solidity and because they have what we logically think of as a “metallic” luster.

Although metals tend to be strong, tough, and ductile, it is also true that they are malleable. Their melting points are high. Another characteristic of metals is that they can conduct electricity and heat. This is known as electrical and thermal conductivity.

Metals are often divided into base metals and precious metals. The defining difference between both categories of metals is that base metals oxidize easily while precious metals do not quite so easily.

Element | Symbol | Density g/cm^{3} |

Osmium | Os | 22.59 |

Iridium | Ir | 22.5 |

Platinum | Pt | 21.5 |

Rhenium | Re | 20.8 |

Neptunium | Np | 20.2 |

Plutonium | Pu | 19.7 |

Gold | Au | 19.3 |

Tungsten | W | 19.3 |

Uranium | U | 19.1 |

Tantalum | Ta | 16.4 |

Protactinium | Pa | 15.4 |

Mercury | Hg | 13.53 |

Hafnium | Hf | 13.3 |

Rhodium | Rh | 12.4 |

Ruthenium | Ru | 12.1 |

Palladium | Pd | 12 |

Thallium | Tl | 11.8 |

Thorium | Th | 11.7 |

Lead | Pb | 11.3 |

Technetium | Tc | 11 |

Silver | Ag | 10.5 |

Molybdenum | Mo | 10.2 |

Actinium | Ac | 10 |

Lutetium | Lu | 9.84 |

Bismuth | Bi | 9.79 |

Thulium | Tm | 9.32 |

Polonium | Po | 9.2 |

Erbium | Er | 9.07 |

Copper | Cu | 8.96 |

Nickel | Ni | 8.9 |

Cobalt | Co | 8.86 |

Holmium | Ho | 8.8 |

Cadmium | Cd | 8.69 |

Niobium | Nb | 8.57 |

Dysprosium | Dy | 8.55 |

Terbium | Tb | 8.23 |

Gadolinium | Gd | 7.9 |

Iron | Fe | 7.87 |

Samarium | Sm | 7.52 |

Indium | In | 7.31 |

Manganese | Mn | 7.3 |

Promethium | Pm | 7.26 |

Tin | Sn | 7.26 |

Chromium | Cr | 7.15 |

Zinc | Zn | 7.14 |

Neodymium | Nd | 7.01 |

Ytterbium | Yb | 6.9 |

Cerium | Ce | 6.77 |

Praseodymium | Pr | 6.77 |

Antimony | Sb | 6.68 |

Zirconium | Zr | 6.52 |

Lanthanum | La | 6.15 |

Vanadium | V | 6 |

Gallium | Ga | 5.91 |

Europium | Eu | 5.24 |

Radium | Ra | 5 |

Titanium | Ti | 4.51 |

Yttrium | Y | 4.47 |

Barium | Ba | 3.62 |

Scandium | Sc | 2.99 |

Aluminum | Al | 2.7 |

Strontium | Sr | 2.64 |

Cesium | Cs | 1.93 |

Beryllium | Be | 1.85 |

Magnesium | Mg | 1.74 |

Calcium | Ca | 1.54 |

Rubidium | Rb | 1.53 |

Sodium | Na | 0.97 |

Potassium | K | 0.89 |

Lithium | Li | 0.53 |

**What Are The Densities of These Metals?**

There are 70 different metals charted in the periodic table. Here they are in alphabetical order:

**Actium**

The symbol for Actium is Ac and its density g/cm^{3 }is 10.

**Aluminum**

The symbol for Aluminum is Al and its density g/cm^{3 }is 2.70.

**Antimony**

The symbol for Antimony is Sb and its density g/cm^{3 }is 6.68.

**Barium**

The symbol for Barium is Ba and its density g/cm^{3 }is 3.62.

**Beryllium**

The symbol for Beryllium is Be and its density g/cm^{3 }is 1.85.

**Bismuth**

The symbol for Bismuth is Bi and its density g/cm^{3 }is 9.79.

**Cadmium**

The symbol for Cadmium is Cd and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.69.

**Calcium**

The symbol for Calcium is Ca and its density g/cm^{3 }is 1.54.

**Cerium**

The symbol for Cerium is Ce and its density g/cm^{3 }is 6.77.

**Cesium**

The symbol for Cesium is Ac and its density g/cm^{3 }is 1.93.

**Chromium**

The symbol for Chromium is Cr and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.15.

**Cobalt**

The symbol for Cobalt is Co and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.86.

**Copper**

The symbol for Copper is Cu and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.96.

**Dysprosium**

The symbol for Dysprosium is Dy and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.55.

**Erbium**

The symbol for Erbium is Er and its density g/cm^{3 }is 9.07.

**Gadolinium**

The symbol for Gadolinium is Gd and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.90.

**Gallium**

The symbol for Gallium is Ga and its density g/cm^{3 }is 5.91.

**Gold**

The symbol for Gold is Au and its density g/cm^{3 }is 19.3.

**Hafnium**

The symbol for Hafnium is Hf and its density g/cm^{3 }is 13.3.

**Holmium**

The symbol for Holmium is Ho and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.80.

**Indium**

The symbol for Indium is In and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.31.

**Iridium**

The symbol for Iridium is Ir and its density g/cm^{3 }is 22.5.

**Iron**

The symbol for Iron is Fe and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.87.

**Lanthanum**

The symbol for Lanthanum is La and its density g/cm^{3 }is 6.15.

**Lead**

The symbol for Lead is Pb and its density g/cm^{3 }is 11.3.

**Lithium**

The symbol for Lithium is Li and its density g/cm^{3 }is 0.53.

**Magnesium**

The symbol of Magnesium is Mg and its density g/cm^{3 }is 1.74.

**Manganese**

The symbol for Manganese is Mn and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.3.

**Mercury**

The symbol for Mercury is Hg and its density g/cm^{3 }is 13.53.

**Molybdenum**

The symbol for Molybdenum is Mo and its density g/cm^{3 }is 10.2.

**Neodymium**

The symbol for Neodymium is Nd and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.01.

**Neptunium**

The symbol for Neptunium is Np and its density g/cm^{3 }is 20.2.

**Nickel**

The symbol for Nickel is Ni and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.90.

**Niobium**

The symbol for Niobium is Nb and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.57.

**Osmium**

The symbol for Osmium is Os and its density g/cm^{3 }is 22.59.

**Palladium**

The symbol for Palladium is Pd and its density g/cm^{3 }is 12.0.

**Platinum**

The symbol for Platinum is Pt and its density g/cm^{3 }is 21.5.

**Plutonium**

The symbol for Plutonium is Pu and its density g/cm^{3 }is 19.7.

**Polonium**

The symbol for Polonium is Po and its density g/cm^{3 }is 9.20.

**Potassium**

The symbol for Potassium is K and its density g/cm^{3 }is 0.89.

**Praseodymium**

The symbol for Praseodymium is Pr and its density g/cm^{3 }is 6.77.

**Promethium**

The symbol for Promethium is Pm and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.26.

**Protactinium**

The symbol for Protactinium is Pa and its density g/cm^{3 }is 15.4.

**Radium**

The symbol for Radium is Ra and its density g/cm^{3 }is 5.

**Rhenium**

The symbol for Rhenium is Re and its density g/cm^{3 }is 20.8.

**Rhodium**

The symbol for Rhodium is Rh and its density g/cm^{3 }is 12.4.

**Rubidium**

The symbol for Rubidium is Rb and its density g/cm^{3 }is 1.53.

**Ruthenium**

The symbol for Ruthenium is Ru and its density g/cm^{3 }is 12.1.

**Samarium**

The symbol for Samarium is Sm and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.52.

**Scandium**

The symbol for Scandium is Sc and its density g/cm^{3 }is 2.99.

**Silver**

The symbol for Silver is Ag and its density g/cm^{3 }is 10.5.

**Sodium**

The symbol for Sodium is Na and its density g/cm^{3 }is 0.97.

**Strontium**

The symbol for Strontium is Sr and its density g/cm^{3 }is 2.64.

**Tantalum**

The symbol for Tantalum is Ta and its density g/cm^{3 }is 16.4.

**Technetium**

The symbol for Technetium is Tc and its density g/cm^{3 }is 11.

**Terbium**

The symbol for Terbium is Tb and its density g/cm^{3 }is 8.23.

**Thallium**

The symbol for Thallium is Tl and its density g/cm^{3 }is 11.8.

**Thorium**

The symbol for Thorium is Th and its density g/cm^{3 }is 11.7.

**Thulium**

The symbol for Thulium is Tm and its density g/cm^{3 }is 9.32.

**Tin**

The symbol for Tin is Sn and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.26.

**Titanium**

The symbol for Titanium is Ti and its density g/cm^{3 }is 4.51.

**Tungsten**

The symbol for Tungsten is W and its density g/cm^{3 }is 19.3.

**Uranium**

The symbol for Uranium is U and its density g/cm^{3 }is 19.1.

**Vanadium**

The symbol for Vanadium is V and its density g/cm^{3 }is 6.0.

**Ytterbium**

The symbol for Ytterbium is Yb and its density g/cm^{3 }is 6.90.

**Yttrium**

The symbol for Yttrium is Y and its density g/cm^{3 }is 4.47.

**Zinc**

The symbol for Zinc is Zn and its density g/cm^{3 }is 7.14.

**Zirconium**

The symbol for Zirconium is Zr and its density g/cm^{3 }is 6.52.