The Density Of Metals

The density of metals ranges from Osmium at the highest density to lithium at the lowest density of any metal.

Knowing the periodic table is key for most scientists. But just merely knowing the name of each and every one of the elements is not enough.

There is a lot more information that scientists need to be au fait with. And density is one of them. So, what is the density of all metals?

Image source: Wikipedia

What Is Density?

Before we go into the specific density for each of the metals in the periodic table, we need to understand what density actually is when we are talking about chemistry.

According to the Merriam Webster dictionary online, density is defined as follows:

The mass of a substance per unit volume”, or “the distribution of a quantity (such as mass, electricity, or energy) per unit usually of space (such as length, area, or volume).

To put it in simpler terms, the density of an element (metal or not) is the measure of mass per unit of volume.” It is important to note that all elements have density but in this article, we will just focus on the densities of metals, specifically.

What Are Metals?

Metals are elements that are easily recognized by their physical properties of solidity and because they have what we logically think of as a “metallic” luster.

Although metals tend to be strong, tough, and ductile, it is also true that they are malleable. Their melting points are high. Another characteristic of metals is that they can conduct electricity and heat. This is known as electrical and thermal conductivity.

Metals are often divided into base metals and precious metals. The defining difference between both categories of metals is that base metals oxidize easily while precious metals do not quite so easily.

 ElementSymbolDensity g/cm3
OsmiumOs22.59
IridiumIr22.5
PlatinumPt21.5
RheniumRe20.8
NeptuniumNp20.2
PlutoniumPu19.7
GoldAu19.3
TungstenW19.3
UraniumU19.1
TantalumTa16.4
ProtactiniumPa15.4
MercuryHg13.53
HafniumHf13.3
RhodiumRh12.4
RutheniumRu12.1
PalladiumPd12
ThalliumTl11.8
ThoriumTh11.7
LeadPb11.3
TechnetiumTc11
SilverAg10.5
MolybdenumMo10.2
ActiniumAc10
LutetiumLu9.84
BismuthBi9.79
ThuliumTm9.32
PoloniumPo9.2
ErbiumEr9.07
CopperCu8.96
NickelNi8.9
CobaltCo8.86
HolmiumHo8.8
CadmiumCd8.69
NiobiumNb8.57
DysprosiumDy8.55
TerbiumTb8.23
GadoliniumGd7.9
IronFe7.87
SamariumSm7.52
IndiumIn7.31
ManganeseMn7.3
PromethiumPm7.26
TinSn7.26
ChromiumCr7.15
ZincZn7.14
NeodymiumNd7.01
YtterbiumYb6.9
CeriumCe6.77
PraseodymiumPr6.77
AntimonySb6.68
ZirconiumZr6.52
LanthanumLa6.15
VanadiumV6
GalliumGa5.91
EuropiumEu5.24
RadiumRa5
TitaniumTi4.51
YttriumY4.47
BariumBa3.62
ScandiumSc2.99
AluminumAl2.7
StrontiumSr2.64
CesiumCs1.93
BerylliumBe1.85
MagnesiumMg1.74
CalciumCa1.54
RubidiumRb1.53
SodiumNa0.97
PotassiumK0.89
LithiumLi0.53

What Are The Densities of These Metals?

There are 70 different metals charted in the periodic table. Here they are in alphabetical order:

Actium

The symbol for Actium is Ac and its density g/cm3 is 10.

Aluminum

The symbol for Aluminum is Al and its density g/cm3 is 2.70.

Antimony

The symbol for Antimony is Sb and its density g/cm3 is 6.68.

Barium

The symbol for Barium is Ba and its density g/cm3 is 3.62.

Beryllium

The symbol for Beryllium is Be and its density g/cm3 is 1.85.

Bismuth

The symbol for Bismuth is Bi and its density g/cm3 is 9.79.

Cadmium

The symbol for Cadmium is Cd and its density g/cm3 is 8.69.

Calcium

Image source: Wikipedia

The symbol for Calcium is Ca and its density g/cm3 is 1.54.

Cerium

The symbol for Cerium is Ce and its density g/cm3 is 6.77.

Cesium

The symbol for Cesium is Ac and its density g/cm3 is 1.93.

Chromium

The symbol for Chromium is Cr and its density g/cm3 is 7.15.

Cobalt

The symbol for Cobalt is Co and its density g/cm3 is 8.86.

Copper

The symbol for Copper is Cu and its density g/cm3 is 8.96.

Dysprosium

The symbol for Dysprosium is Dy and its density g/cm3 is 8.55.

Erbium

The symbol for Erbium is Er and its density g/cm3 is 9.07.

Gadolinium

The symbol for Gadolinium is Gd and its density g/cm3 is 7.90.

Gallium

The symbol for Gallium is Ga and its density g/cm3 is 5.91.

Gold

Image source: Wikipedia

The symbol for Gold is Au and its density g/cm3 is 19.3.

Hafnium

The symbol for Hafnium is Hf and its density g/cm3 is 13.3.

Holmium

The symbol for Holmium is Ho and its density g/cm3 is 8.80.

Indium

The symbol for Indium is In and its density g/cm3 is 7.31.

Iridium

The symbol for Iridium is Ir and its density g/cm3 is 22.5.

Iron

The symbol for Iron is Fe and its density g/cm3 is 7.87.

Lanthanum

The symbol for Lanthanum is La and its density g/cm3 is 6.15.

Lead

The symbol for Lead is Pb and its density g/cm3 is 11.3.

Lithium

The symbol for Lithium is Li and its density g/cm3 is 0.53.

Magnesium

The symbol of Magnesium is Mg and its density g/cm3 is 1.74.

Manganese

The symbol for Manganese is Mn and its density g/cm3 is 7.3.

Mercury

The symbol for Mercury is Hg and its density g/cm3 is 13.53.

Molybdenum

The symbol for Molybdenum is Mo and its density g/cm3 is 10.2.

Neodymium

The symbol for Neodymium is Nd and its density g/cm3 is 7.01.

Neptunium

The symbol for Neptunium is Np and its density g/cm3 is 20.2.

Nickel

The symbol for Nickel is Ni and its density g/cm3 is 8.90.

Niobium

The symbol for Niobium is Nb and its density g/cm3 is 8.57.

Osmium

The symbol for Osmium is Os and its density g/cm3 is 22.59.

Palladium

The symbol for Palladium is Pd and its density g/cm3 is 12.0.

Platinum

The symbol for Platinum is Pt and its density g/cm3 is 21.5.

Plutonium

The symbol for Plutonium is Pu and its density g/cm3 is 19.7.

Polonium

The symbol for Polonium is Po and its density g/cm3 is 9.20.

Potassium

The symbol for Potassium is K and its density g/cm3 is 0.89.

Praseodymium

The symbol for Praseodymium is Pr and its density g/cm3 is 6.77.

Promethium

The symbol for Promethium is Pm and its density g/cm3 is 7.26.

Protactinium

The symbol for Protactinium is Pa and its density g/cm3 is 15.4.

Radium

The symbol for Radium is Ra and its density g/cm3 is 5.

Rhenium

The symbol for Rhenium is Re and its density g/cm3 is 20.8.

Rhodium

The symbol for Rhodium is Rh and its density g/cm3 is 12.4.

Rubidium

The symbol for Rubidium is Rb and its density g/cm3 is 1.53.

Ruthenium

The symbol for Ruthenium is Ru and its density g/cm3 is 12.1.

Samarium

The symbol for Samarium is Sm and its density g/cm3 is 7.52.

Scandium

The symbol for Scandium is Sc and its density g/cm3 is 2.99.

Silver

The symbol for Silver is Ag and its density g/cm3 is 10.5.

Sodium

The symbol for Sodium is Na and its density g/cm3 is 0.97.

Strontium

The symbol for Strontium is Sr and its density g/cm3 is 2.64.

Tantalum

The symbol for Tantalum is Ta and its density g/cm3 is 16.4.

Technetium

The symbol for Technetium is Tc and its density g/cm3 is 11.

Terbium

The symbol for Terbium is Tb and its density g/cm3 is 8.23.

Thallium

The symbol for Thallium is Tl and its density g/cm3 is 11.8.

Thorium

The symbol for Thorium is Th and its density g/cm3 is 11.7.

Thulium

The symbol for Thulium is Tm and its density g/cm3 is 9.32.

Tin

The symbol for Tin is Sn and its density g/cm3 is 7.26.

Titanium

The symbol for Titanium is Ti and its density g/cm3 is 4.51.

Tungsten

The symbol for Tungsten is W and its density g/cm3 is 19.3.

Uranium

The symbol for Uranium is U and its density g/cm3 is 19.1.

Vanadium

The symbol for Vanadium is V and its density g/cm3 is 6.0.

Ytterbium

The symbol for Ytterbium is Yb and its density g/cm3 is 6.90.

Yttrium

The symbol for Yttrium is Y and its density g/cm3 is 4.47.

Zinc

The symbol for Zinc is Zn and its density g/cm3 is 7.14.

Zirconium

The symbol for Zirconium is Zr and its density g/cm3 is 6.52.

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