Strange Dracula Wasp With Large Mandibles in Fossil Amber From Myanmar From Ca. 99 Mio. Years Ago Shows Features of Different Wasp Families, Questioning Current Delimitation of Taxa
Once more, an unexpected fossil insect has been discovered in fossil amber from Myanmar — commonly called Burmese amber. The wasp, which now was described as Supraserphites draculi gen. sp. nov. (see Fig. 1), shows characteristics of two different families, Serphitidae and Archaeoserphitidae.
Because of several characteristics common with Serphitidae, the new genus has been placed in this family, however, due to several strong differences (f. ex. antenna with 10 instead of up to 8 flagellomeres, very long maxillary and labial palpi of subequal length, and a more complete wing venation), a new subfamily had to be created, Supraserphitinae, and the diagnosis of Serphitidae has accordingly been amended.
The only other serphitoid family, Archaeoserphitidae, also displays common morphological features with the new wasp. For example, Archaeoserphitidae display two petiolar segments of subequal length, head details, such as antenna placed high above mandibles and subvertical position of the clypeus, and larger numbers of flagellomeres compared to other Serphitoidae.
These new findings show that delimitations of taxa in Serphitoidea are rather unclear and that the group might require a future revision.
The large mandibles of the new wasp species — the only known species of this new subfamily so far — and its generally strange morphology gave the reason for choosing the new species name, Supraserphites draculi, referring to Count Dracula.
Similar to a vast number of other recently discovered new families and orders, this wasp is only known from the Burmese amber assemblage, therefore, it very likely is endemic to the West Burma plate, which again suggests that the biota were geographically isolated at the time, and that the plate collided at a later time with the proto-Southeast-Asian mainland (also see: Alexandr Rasnitsyn and Christoph Öhm-Kühnle: Three new female Aptenoperissus from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Stephanoidea, Aptenoperissidae): Unexpected diversity of paradoxical wasps suggests insular features of source biome, in Cretaceous Research 91, 168-175, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2018.06.004).