ADVERTISEMENT

List Of European Countries

The list of European countries starts with Albania and ends with the Vatican City, encompassing nearly 750 million people and 4 million square miles across 50 countries.

Do you know the names of all the countries in Europe? How many capitals do you think you could name? No problem, if you would like to know the names of all the countries in Europe and their capitals, you have come to the right place.

ADVERTISEMENT

Here is the full list of European countries in alphabetical order with their respective capitals:

A

Albania

Capital city: Tirana, population: 867,361.

Quick facts: Southeastern European country in the Balkan Peninsula. Officially, the Republica of Albania. The official language is Albanian.

ADVERTISEMENT

Andorra

Capital city: Andorra la Vella, population: 22,256.

Quick facts: Small principality in the Pyrenees. Officially, Principality of Andorra or Principality of the Valleys of Andorra. The official language is Catalan (but Spanish and French are widely spoken).

Armenia

Capital city: Yerevan, population: 1,075,800.

ADVERTISEMENT

Quick facts: Country in the South Caucasus region (Eurasia). Officially, the Republic of Armenia. The official language is Armenian.

Austria

Capital city: Vienna, population: 1,889,083.

Quick facts: Central European country bordered by the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Slovakia. Officially, the Republic of Austria. The official language is German.

Azerbaijan

Capital city: Baku, population: 2,374,000.

Quick facts: Country in the South Caucasus region (Eurasia). Officially, the Republic of Azerbaijan. The official language is Azerbaijani.

B

Belarus

Capital city: Minsk, population: 9,48,700.

Quick facts: Country in Eastern Europe. Officially, the Republic of Belarus. The official languages are Belarusian and Russian.

Belgium

Capital city: Brussels, population: 1,175,173.

Quick facts: Western European country. Officially, the Kingdom of Belgium. The official languages are Dutch (Flemish), French, and German.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Capital city: Sarajevo, population: 275,524.

Quick facts: Southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. The official languages are Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian.

Bulgaria

Capital city: Sofia, population: 1,236,047.

Quick facts: Country in southeastern Europe. Officially, the Republic of Bulgaria. The official language is Bulgarian.

C

Croatia

Capital city: Zagreb, population: 792,875.

Quick facts: Country between Central and Southeast Europe. Officially, the Republic of Croatia. The official language is Croatian.

The most amazing set where I’ve shot ‘Game of Thrones’ is definitely Croatia, in Dubrovnik. It’s such a stunning country with lots of good watersports there as well. Just as beautiful, beautiful place. – Natalie Dormer.

Cyprus

Capital city: Nicosia, population: 55,014 (South), and 61,378 (North).

Quick facts: Mediterranean island nation. Officially, the Republic of Cyprus. The official languages are Cypriot Greek and Cypriot Turkish.

Czech Republic

Capital city: Prague, population: 1,280,508.

Quick facts: Central European country. Officially, the Czech Republic but also known as Czechia. The official language is Czech.

D

Denmark

Capital city: Copenhagen, population: 606,057.

Quick facts: Nordic country. Officially, the Kingdom of Denmark. The official language is Danish.

E

Estonia

Capital city: Tallinn, population: 449,160.

Quick facts: Country in Northern Europe. Officially, the Republic of Estonia. The official language is Estonian, although Russian is also a major language.

F

Finland

Capital city: Helsinki, population: 642,045.

Quick facts: Country in Northern Europe. Officially, the Republic of Finland. The official languages are Finnish and Swedish, but Sami is also recognized.

France

Capital city: Paris, population: 2,206,488.

Quick facts: Country in Western Europe (Metropolitan France) with overseas regions in other continents. Officially, the French Republic. The official language is French.

G

Georgia

Capital city: Tbilisi, population: 1,118,035.

Quick facts: Country in the Caucus region of Eurasia. The official languages are Georgian and Abkhazian.

Germany

Capital city: Berlin, population: 3,711,930.

Quick facts: Country in Central Europe. Officially, the Federal Republic of Germany. The official language is German.

Greece

Capital city: Athens, population: 3,090,508.

Quick facts: Southern European country. Officially, the Hellenic Republic. The official language is Greek.

H

Hungary

Capital city: Budapest, population: 1,759,407.

Quick facts: Central European country. The official language is Hungarian.

I

Iceland

Capital city: Reykjavik, population: 126,100.

Quick facts: Nordic island nation in the North Atlantic. The official language is Icelandic.

Ireland

Capital city: Dublin, population: 553,165.

Quicks facts: North-Western European country that occupies most of the island of Ireland. Officially, the Republic of Ireland. The official languages are Irish and English.

Italy

Capital city: Rome, population: 4,357,041.

Quick facts: Mediterranean nation. Officially, the Italian Republic. The official language is Italian.

K

Kazakhstan

Capital city: Astana, population: 1,029,556.

Quick facts: Eurasian nation. Officially, the Republic of Kazakhstan. The official languages are Kazakh and Russian.

Kosovo

Capital city: Pristina, population: 204,725.

Quick facts: Country in Southeast Europe and disputed territory with neighboring Serbia. Officially, the Republic of Kosovo. The official languages are Albanian and Serbian but Bosnian, Turkish, Gorani, and Romani are recognized as regional languages.

L

Latvia

Capital city: Riga, population: 1,018,295.

Quick facts: Baltic country. Officially, the Republic of Latvia. The official language is Latvian.

Liechtenstein

Capital city: Vaduz, population: 5,407.

Quick facts: Central European country. Officially, the Principality of Liechtenstein. The official language is German.

Lithuania

Capital city: Vilnius, population: 641,220.

Quick facts: Baltic nation. Officially, the Republic of Lithuania. The official language is Lithuanian.

Luxembourg

Capital city: Luxembourg city, population: 107,247.

Quick facts: Western European country. Officially, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The official languages are Luxembourgish, French, and German.

M

Macedonia (Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia)

Capital city: Skopje, population: 506,926.

Quick facts: Balkan nation.

Malta

Capital city: Valletta, population: 355,000.

Quick facts: Mediterranean island nation.

Moldova

Capital city: Chisinau, population: 532,513.

Quick facts. Central European country.

Monaco

Capital city: Monaco, population: 37,308.

Quick facts: small Southern European principality.

Montenegro

Capital city: Podgorica, population: 187,085.

Quick facts: Balkan nation.

N

Netherlands

Capital city: Amsterdam, population: 1,351,587.

Quick facts: Western European country. Official language: Dutch.

Norway

Capital city: Oslo, population: 975,744.

Quick facts: Nordic nation. Official language: Norwegian.

P

Poland

Capital city: Warsaw, population: 1,758,143.

Quick facts: Central European country. Official language: Polish.

Portugal

Capital city: Lisbon, population: 545,245.

Quick facts: Western European country. Official language: Portuguese.

R

Romania

Capital city: Bucharest, population: 1,883,425.

Quick facts: Central European country. Official language: Romanian.

Russia

Capital city: Moscow, population: 11,503,501.

Quick facts: Eurasian country. Official language: Russian.

S

San Marino

Capital city: San Marino, population: 33,285.

Quick facts: Southern European country. Official language: Italian.

Serbia

Capital city: Belgrade, population: 1,166,763.

Quick facts: Balkan country.

Slovakia

Capital city: Bratislava, population: 583,600.

Quick facts: Central European country.

Slovenia

Capital city: Ljubljana, population: 279,756.

Quick facts: Balkan nation.

Spain

Capital city: Madrid, population: 3,141,991.

Quick facts: Western European country. Official languages: Spanish (nationwide), Catalan (Catalonia, Balearics, Valencia), Galician (Galicia), and Basque (Basque Country and Navarre).

Sweden

Capital city: Stockholm, population: 949,761.

Quick facts: Nordic nation. Official language: Swedish.

Switzerland

Capital city: Bern, population: 133,115.

Quick facts: Western European nation. Official languages: German, Italian, French and Romansch.

T

Turkey

Capital city: Ankara, population: 5,445,026.

Quick facts: Although most of it is in Asia, part of its territory is in Europe. Official language: Turkish.

U

Ukraine

Capital city: Kyiv (also often spelled Kiev), population: 2,900,920.

United Kingdom

Capital city: London, population: 8,787,892.

Quick facts: Western European country. Officially, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

V

Vatican City (Holy City): Vatican City, population: 1,000.

Quick facts: official languages are Italian, and Latin.

Comments

READ THIS NEXT

World Health Organization Says Trans Fats Should Be Eliminated From By 2023

On Monday the World Health Organization launched an initiative intended to have the governments of the world cease the use […]

How Long Is A Decade In Years?

A decade is a period of time equivalent to 10 years. The word “decade” originally stems from the Greek word dekas (δεκάς), […]

The Smallest Ocean In The World

The smallest ocean in the world is the Arctic Ocean, it is only 1.5 times as big as the United […]

Engineering T Cell Receptors To Reduce The Risk Of Adverse Side Effects In Immunotherapy

Engineered T cells represent a new and novel approach to target cancer. By introducing unique antigen targeting molecules, we can […]

The Tomcat And The Genes: When Twins Drink …

Why is it that some people are spared from a hangover after an evening of alcohol, but others suffer? A […]

Challenges Of Being A Woman In Engineering

The topic of gender differences in career choices has received a lot of attention over the past years in Western […]

Molecular Gender Differences In Alzheimer’s Disease May Point To A New Drug Target

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disorder with an estimated 44 million affected people worldwide. The typical symptoms range […]

Science Trends is a popular source of science news and education around the world. We cover everything from solar power cell technology to climate change to cancer research. We help hundreds of thousands of people every month learn about the world we live in and the latest scientific breakthroughs. Want to know more?