List Of African Countries And Capitals

The list of African countries and capitals begins with Algeria with the capital of Algiers and ends with Zimbabwe with the capital of Harare. The 54 countries in Africa speak an estimated 1,500 to 2,000 languages and is believed to be the origin of humans.

How many African countries can you name? And do you know all their capitals? If you are looking for a comprehensive list of African countries and their respective capitals, you have come to the right place.

Here is the full list of African countries in alphabetical order and their respective capitals:

A

  • Algeria
    • Capital city: Algiers.
    • Quick facts: The People’s Democratic of Algeria is a country in North Africa. It became independent from France in 1962. The official languages are Arabic and Berber but French is also used, chiefly in business and educations.
  • Angola
    • Capital city: Luanda.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Angola is a country in Southern Africa. It became independent from Portugal in 1975. The official language is Portuguese but Kikongo, Kimbundu, and Umbundu have co-official status.

B

  • Benin
    • Capital city: Porto-Novo.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Benin is a country in West Africa. It became independent from France in 1960. The official language is French, although Fon and Yoruba are recognized as vernacular languages.
  • Botswana
    • Capital city: Gaborone.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. It became independent from the United Kingdom in 1966. The official languages are English and Tswana.
  • Burkina Faso
    • Capital city: Ouagadougou.
    • Quick facts: Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. It became independent from France in 1960. The official languages are French, Mooré, Bissa, and Dioula.
  • Burundi
    • Capital city: Bujumbura.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Burundi is a landlocked country located in the East Africa region of the African Great Lakes. It became independent from Belgium in 1962. The official languages are Kirundi, French, and English.

C

  • Cabo Verde or Cape Verde
    • Capital city: Praia.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country made up of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean, in the Macaronesia region (Azores, Madeira, Savage Isles, and the Canary Islands). It became independent from Portugal in 1975. The official language is Portuguese but the Cape Verdean Creole is also recognized as a national language.
  • Cameroon
    • Capital city: Yaoundé.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Cameroon is a country in Central Africa. It became independent from France in 1960. The official languages are French and English.
  • Central African Republic
    • Capital city: Bangui.
    • Quick facts: The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It became independent from France in 1960. The official languages are French and Sango.
  • Chad
    • Capital city: N´Djamena.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Chad is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It became independent from France in 1960. The official languages are Arabic and French.
  • Comoros
    • Capital city: Moroni.
    • Quick facts: The Union of Comoros is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. It became independent from France in 1975. The official languages are Comorian, Arabic, and French.
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Capital city: Kinshasa
    • Quick facts: The Republic of the Congo, also known as the Congo Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Est Congo, Congo, or the former French Congo is a country in Central Africa. It became independent from France in 1960. The official language is French but Kituba and Lingala are also recognized as regional languages.
  • Republic of the Congo
    • Capital city: Brazzaville
    • Quick facts: The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as DR Congo, DRC, East Congo, the former Belgian Congo, the Congo, or Congo-Kinshasa is a country in Central Africa. Formerly known as Zaire, it became independent from Belgium in 1960. The official language is French. Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, and Tshiluba are recognized as national languages.
  • Cote d’Ivoire
    • Capital city: Yamoussoukro
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, also known as Ivory Coast, is a country in West Africa. It gained its independence from France in 1960. The official language is French.

D

  • Djibouti
    • Capital city: Djibouti city.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Djibouti is a country in the Horn of Africa. It became independent from France in 1977. Its official languages are Arabic, French, and Somali.

E

  • Egypt
    • Capital city: Cairo.
    • Quick facts: The Arab Republic of Egypt is a transcontinental country in Northeastern Africa and Southwest Asia. It became independent from the United Kingdom in 1922. Its national language is Egyptian Arabic.
  • Equatorial Guinea
    • Capital city: Malabo (de jure), and Oyala (seat of government).
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country in Central Africa. It became independent from Spain in 1968. The official languages are Spanish, Portuguese, and French.
  • Eritrea
    • Capital city: Asmara
    • Quick facts: The State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa.
  • Ethiopia
    • Capital city: Addis Ababa
    • Quick facts: The Federal Republic of Ethiopia is a country in the Horn of Africa.

G

  • Gabon
    • Capital city: Libreville.
    • Quick facts: The Gabonese Republic is a country located on the west coast of Central Africa.
  • The Gambia
    • Capital city: Banjul.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Gambia is a country in West Africa.
  • Ghana
    • Capital city: Accra.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Ghana is a country in West Africa.
  • Guinea
    • Capital city: Conakry.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Guinea is a country in West Africa.
  • Guinea-Bissau
    • Capital city: Bissau.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country in West Africa.

K

  • Kenya
    • Capital city: Nairobi.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Kenya is a country in East Africa.

We must unite to build a safe, new Kenya. – Mwai Kibaki

L

  • Lesotho
    • Capital city: Maseru.
    • Quick facts: The Kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.
  • Liberia
    • Capital city: Monrovia.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Liberia is a country on the West African coast.
  • Libya
    • Capital city: Tripoli.
    • Quick facts: The State of Libya is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.

M

  • Madagascar
    • Capital city: Antananarivo.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.
  • Malawi
    • Capital city: Lilongwe.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Malawi is a landlocked country in southeast Africa.
  • Mali
    • Capital city: Bamako.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa.
  • Mauritania
    • Capital city: Nouakchott.
    • Quick facts: The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwestern Africa.
  • Mauritius
    • Capital city: Port Louis.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Mauritius is an island nation in the India Ocean.
  • Morocco
    • Capital city: Rabat.
    • Quick facts: The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in the Maghreb region of Northern Africa

“To visit Morocco is still like turning the pages of some illuminated Persian manuscript all embroidered with bright shapes and subtle lines.” — Edith Wharton

  • Mozambique
    • Capital city: Maputo.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa.

N

  • Namibia
    • Capital city: Windhoek.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Namibia is a county in Southern Africa.
  • Niger
    • Capital city: Niamey.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Niger is a landlocked country in Western Africa.
  • Nigeria
    • Capital city: Abuja.
    • Quick facts: The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in West Africa.

R

  • Rwanda
    • Capital city: Kigali.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Rwanda is a country in Central and East Africa.

S

  • Sao Tome and Principe
    • Capital city: São Tomé.
    • Quick facts: The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Principe is an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the West coast of Central Africa.
  • Senegal
    • Capital city: Dakar.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Senegal is a country in West Africa.
  • Seychelles
    • Capital city: Victoria.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Seychelles is an island country in the Indian Ocean.
  • Sierra Leone
    • Capital city: Freetown.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa.
  • Somalia
    • Capital city: Mogadishu.
    • Quick facts: The Federal Republic of Somalia is a country in the Horn of Africa.
  • South Africa
    • Capital city: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial).
    • Quick facts: The Republic of South Africa is a country in Southern Africa.
  • South Sudan
    • Capital city: Khartoum.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of South Sudan is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
  • Swaziland
    • Capital city: Mbabane (administrative), and Lobamba (legislative and royal).
    • Quick facts: The Kingdom of Swaziland is a country in southern Africa.

T

  • Tanzania
    • Capital city: Dodoma.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Tanzania is a country in the Eastern African region of the African Great Lakes.
  • Togo
    • Capital city: Lomé.
    • Quick facts: The Togolese Republic is a country in West Africa.
  • Tunisia
    • Capital city: Tunis.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Tunisia is a country in Northwest Africa.

“Tunisia is always ready to turn the page.” — Habib Bourguiba

U

  • Uganda
    • Capital city: Kampala.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa.

Z

  • Zambia
    • Capital city: Lusaka.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.
  • Zimbabwe
    • Capital city: Harare.
    • Quick facts: The Republic of Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.

Comments (3)

  1. Hi , just wanted to point out, for Tanzania. Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. Perfect for quick facts!

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