ADVERTISEMENT

List Of Metals And Non Metals

The metals list which makes up the periodic table includes iron, lead, gold, aluminum, platinum, uranium, zinc, lithium, sodium, tin, silver, etc.

The nonmetals list which makes up the periodic table includes hydrogen, helium, carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, radon, neon, other halogens, and noble gases etc.

ADVERTISEMENT

When we study the elements, it is important to know which elements are metals and which ones are not. If you are trying to learn to distinguish between metals and non-metals, a list and their uses is a good way to break them down and help memorize the difference between the two. The good news is that most elements are metals. A useful way to approach the study of elements is to distinguish whether they are metal or non-metal. Metals share some common properties. So, knowing what are those properties is a good way to begin our study.

What Is A Metal?

As stated in the introduction, most elements are metals or, at least, can be considered as such. Knowing which ones are or are not will help us to group them correctly. Before going over the complete list of metals, it is important that we define what a metal is. There are five different kinds of metals:

All metal elements are placed together in the periodic table.

We need less memorization – I never memorized the periodic table of the elements – I’ve never used it, and I’m a physicist! I can look it up. – Michio Kaku

ADVERTISEMENT

There are several properties that make most elements metals. An element needs to share several of these properties in order to be considered a metal. It is important to become familiarized with these different properties. Not all properties are shared by all metals, but all elements that shared several of these properties can be considered metals.

“Periodic table blocks spdf (32 column)” by DePiep via Wikimedia Commons is licensed under CC-BY-SA 3.0

What Are The Common Properties Of Metals?

Most metals have a solid state when they are at room temperature. The only exception to this property, in fact, is mercury. Mercury is the only metal that is always liquid no matter the temperature. So it stays at a liquid stay even at room temperature. Generally, the melting point of metals is high.

  • Another way to recognize a metal is that they tend to be shiny.
  • Metals also tend to be a good conductor of heat and electricity. But have low ionization energies and low electronegativities. Another important property that many metal elements share is that they are malleable. This means that metals are relatively easy to be broken up into sheets.
  • Also, most metals can be made into wire. This is what we know as being ductile.
  • With the exception of potassium, lithium, and sodium, most metals have a high density.
  • One of the common and, perhaps, most noticeable properties that most metal elements share is that they corrode when exposed to seawater or air.
  • Finally, most metal elements lose electrons during reactions.

There is one non-metal element that can sometimes act as a metal. This is hydrogen that, when exposed to either extremely high or extremely low temperatures, can display some of these common properties.

The Complete List of Metals

Now that we have established the properties that make most elements on the periodic table into metals, we can now present the complete list of metal elements:

ElementSymbolNumber In Periodic Table
LithiumLi3
BerylliumBe4
SodiumNa11
MagnesiumMg12
AluminumAl13
PotassiumK19
CalciumCa20
ScandiumSc21
TitaniumTi22
VanadiumV23
ChromiumCr24
ManganeseMn25
IronFe26
CobaltCo27
NickelNi28
CopperCu29
ZincZn30
GalliumHa31
RubidiumRb37
StrontiumSr38
YttriumY39
ZirconiumZr40
NiobiumNb41
MolybdenumMo42
TechnetiumTc43
RutheniumRu44
RhodiumRh45
PalladiumPd46
SilverAg47
CadmiumCd48
IndiumIn49
TinSn50
CesiumCs55
BariumBa56
LanthanumLa57
CeriumCe58
PraseodymiumPr59
NeodymiumNd60
PromethiumPm61
SamariumSm62
EuropiumEu63
GadoliniumGd64
TerbiumTb65
DysprosiumDy66
HolmiumHo67
ErbiumEr68
ThuliumTm69
YtterbiumYb70
LutetiumLu71
HafniumHf72
TantalumTa73
TungstenW74
RheniumRe75
OsmiumOs76
IridiumIr77
PlatinumPt78
GoldAu79
MercuryHg80
ThalliumTl81
LeadPB82
BismuthBi83
PoloniumPo84
FranciumFr87
RadiumRa88
ActiniumAc89
ThoriumTh90
ProtactiniumPa91
UraniumU92
NeptuniumNp93
PlutoniumPu94
AmericiumAm95
CuriumCm96
BerkeliumBk97
CaliforniumCf98
EinsteiniumEs99
FermiumFm100
MendeleviumMd101
NobeliumNo102
LawrenciumLr103
RutherfordiumRf104
DubniumDb105
SeaborgiumSg106
BohriumBh107
HassiumHs108
MeitneriumMt109
DarmstadtiumDs110
RoentgeniumRg111
CoperniciumCn112
UnuntriumUut113
FlevoriumFl114
LivermoriumLv116

The Complete List of Non-Metals

Non Metals can be defined simply by having the opposite properties of metals. For example, they are not malleable, they have relatively low density, they are dull, and they are poor conductors of heat and electricity, etc.

ADVERTISEMENT
“Periodic trends” by Sandbh via Wikimedia Commons is licensed under CC-BY-SA 4.0 International

Here’s the full list if non-metals:

ElementElement SymbolNumber In Periodic Table
HydrogenH1
HeliumHe2
CarbonC6
NitrogenN7
OxygenO8
FluorineF9
NeonNe10
PhosphorusP15
SulfurS16
ChlorineCl17
ArgonAr18
SeleniumSe34
BromineBr35
KryptonKr36
IodineI53
XenonXe54
AstatineAt85
RadonRn117
OganessonOg118

We hope this list of metals and non-metals in the periodic table helps. Let us know in the comments below which one you were looking for in particular.

Comments (53)

  1. ‘Silver’; do we have other metals that are molded into and stocked as bullion apart from gold and silver? That’s what I was looking for before I got to the site. All I have read has jogged my memory quite fast. It’s long since my last chemistry lesson. Thank you keep it up.

  2. Thank u so much Sir it’s so helpful, it will be better if explain the charateristics of both metals and nonmetals individualy

  3. I want microstructures of all these metals and nonmetals. I search on google but I couldn’t find out structures of nonmetals. Help me on this issue.

  4. nice info and lay out. I have a question.. what are in the gaps of the number sequence ¿ Ie. what metal is no 52 on the table¿ it must be obvious to you who have studied this ..so sorry for my ignorance.

Leave a Reply to Anshu bhatt Cancel reply

READ THIS NEXT

An Analysis Of The Correlation Between Population And Crime Rates

Social scientists have tried to explain geographic concentrations of crime for more than a century. Two macro-sociological explanations are often […]

Emollient Use And Dermatitis In Children Linked To Increased Phthalate And Paraben Exposure

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that primarily begins in early childhood. The skin in atopic dermatitis is […]

Strategies Humpback Whale Mothers Employ As Their Calves Mature And Grow To Avoid Male Harassment

In several animals such as deer, sheep, and caribou in which newborns remain dependent on their mothers beyond birth, mothers […]

A Drug-Resistant Form Of Gonorrhea Is Spreading Around The Globe

Various international health agencies have recently announced that more cases of drug-resistant gonorrhea have been popping up around the world. […]

If You Burn Them, They Will Return: A Case Of Ant-Plant Interactions In A Fire-Prone Brazilian Ecosystem

Climate changes and anthropogenic disturbances are current threats to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem health depends not only on its […]

Free-Living Amoebae – A Novel Waterborne Risk Pathway That Now Includes Enteric Viruses

When it comes to waterborne pathogens and host-specific pathogens like human enteric viruses, it is easy to assume that they […]

How To Write A Cursive Lowercase z

Have you ever wondered how to write a cursive lowercase “z”? Below you’ll learn some interesting facts about cursive, as […]

Science Trends is a popular source of science news and education around the world. We cover everything from solar power cell technology to climate change to cancer research. We help hundreds of thousands of people every month learn about the world we live in and the latest scientific breakthroughs. Want to know more?