ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Of Body Size In Young Adult Polish Women Before And After WWII

In my research, I focus on stratification in fertility, lifespan, mortality and health status depending on the size of the place of residence, religious denomination and type of economy (e.g. Lutherans in the Poznań province).

In addition, the variability of biological characteristics in historical and contemporary populations from the territory of Poland, and its causative factors and changes over time. This study provides insight into the demographic and biological picture of a still scarcely known Central and Eastern Europe of the 19th and 20th centuries in the context of its political and economic situation.

ADVERTISEMENT

At the end of the 18th century, the territory of the Polish state was split between the three neighboring powers: Russia, the Kingdom of Prussia and Austria. The Polish territories belonging to Prussia, Russia and Austria showed differences in the rate of economic development, what translated into significant differences in height, body mass and BMI.

A focus was also made on a negative influence of the Second World War on body height, weight, BMI and age of menarche. In the paper “Height as an indicator of economic status in the Polish territories under Russian rule at the turn of the 19th to 20th century” an analysis of determinants of body height as an indicator of socio-economic status was carried out.

In the north-eastern provinces of the Kingdom of Poland (the Russian sector), lagging behind the central region in economic development translated into statistically significant differences in body height of men and women to the disadvantage of the former. Differences in the body weight, height and BMI between gentlefolk and peasants from the Kingdom of Poland (higher in the former and lower in the latter) also resulted from differences in their economic status, and hence their lifestyles, including diet  (Body mass index values in the gentry and peasantry in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Poland).

War conditions had a negative impact on the health and well-being of people, not only through low standards and quality of life, including food shortages, famine, and poor hygiene but also due to the extreme psychological stress associated with the possibility of loss of life, family members, devastation and loss of property. In two next papers, the impact of the WWII on biological characteristics was captured. It was compared the body size and age at menarche of young adult college women who were born before, during and after WWII. Young women born during WWII were shorter and lighter than those born before and after the war and attained menarche later than those born in the pre-war and post-war periods.

ADVERTISEMENT

The latter two works are led by Dr. Grażyna Liczbińska, Dr. Zbigniew Czapla, Prof. Janusz Piontek (from Institute of Anthropology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland) and Prof. Robert M. Malina (from Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas, Austin, USA).

The study, Body size of young adult Polish college-age women born before, during and after WWII was recently published in the American Journal of Human Biology. The study, Age at menarche in Polish University students born before, during and after World War II: economic effects was recently published in the journal Economics and Human Biology.

Comments

READ THIS NEXT

Crowds Of Living Organisms Behave Like Groups Of Quantum Particles

Electrons whizzing around an atom and a group of people at a concert hardly seem to have much in common. […]

Exploring The Thermoelectric Properties Of Transition Metal Chalcogenides: TcX2(X=S, Se, Te)

Transition metal chalcogenides (TMCs) as potential candidates for application in thermoelectric conversion field have been attracted a lot of attention. […]

The Periodic Table

The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, arranged by atomic number. The columns and rows the […]

Ancient Egypt Ink: Some Of The Oldest Tattoos In History

Tattoos may not be everybody’s cup of tea, but they have been part of many cultures for thousands of years. […]

The Response Of Polar Clouds To The Atmospheric Electric Field And Inputs Of Ionospheric And Extraterrestrial Origin

Background The search for links between variations in extraterrestrial energy inputs to the Earth’s atmosphere and meteorological processes has a […]

What Is The Charge Of CO3?

The substance with the chemical formula CO3 goes by the name carbonate. Carbonate is made of 1 atom of carbon and 3 atoms […]

Perspectives On Water-Energy Nexus Modeling

In a world of ever-increasing pressures on natural resources, water and energy issues are essential sustainability concerns. A significant share […]

Science Trends is a popular source of science news and education around the world. We cover everything from solar power cell technology to climate change to cancer research. We help hundreds of thousands of people every month learn about the world we live in and the latest scientific breakthroughs. Want to know more?