Periodic Table Ionic Charges, Name, And Mass

Image source: Wikipedia

The periodic table ionic charge can be broken down by metals which are positive and on the left of the table and nonmetals which are negative and found on the right. The periodic table can also be broken down by name and mass depending on your interests.

There can be no doubt that any science student who is interested in chemistry must learn the periodic table. But just learning the periodic table is not really enough. It is a merely first step before going deeper into it. The next step would be to add the ionic charges, the full names, and mass of each of the elements.

Image source: Wikipedia

In other words, we start off by learning the periodic table but then we must also learn all the other relevant details about each and every one of the elements.

What Is The Periodic Table?    

The modern periodic table is the result of hundreds of years’ worth of research. The first known attempt at organizing all chemical elements into a tabular arrangement dates back to 1789 when French chemist Antoine Lavoisier.

That first version contained 33 elements, which Lavoisier had grouped into the following categories:

After undergoing many changes through the 19th century, it was not until 1869 than a Russian chemist called Dmitri Mendeleev came up with his own table in 1869. In his version of the periodic table (known as the Mendeleev periodic table), the elements are organized by mass number, in increasing order.

Elements which are similar as regards their chemical properties have atomic weights which are either of nearly the same value (eg. Pt, Ir, Os) or which increase regularly (eg. K, Ru, Cs). – Dmitri Mendeleev

The current version of the periodic table contains 118 different chemical elements. Each of these elements has a symbol and an atomic number. These symbols and numbers work as shortcuts to identify them.

The main difference between the current periodic table has one major difference with the Mendeleev periodic table is that now the elements are no longer organized by mass number. Instead, the elements are arranged by their atomic numbers.

Elements Broken Down By Ionic Charges

Ionic charges, which is sometimes merely known as “charges” are the difference between the number of electrons and the number of protons. Electrons are particles with a negative charge, while protons are particles with a positive charge.

1. If you look at the periodic table, you will find all the elements with a positive ionic charge (those where protons outnumbered electrons) in the left area.

Image source: Wikipedia

2. Then, you will find the non-metals (those elements where electrons outnumbered protons) in the right area. There is one exception to this, which is Hydrogen (symbol: H, number 1). The reason for this is that hydrogen, under normal pressures and temperatures, actually behaves like a nonmetal.

3. Finally, you will find the metalloids (or semimetal), which are a mixture of metals and non-metals in the row that, logically, separates metals and non-metals.

Elements Broken Down By Name

If we ordered the element in alphabetical order, we would get the following result:

Element Name Element Symbol Atomic Number Element Name Element Symbol Atomic Number
Actinium Ac 89 Mercury Hg 80
Aluminum Al 13 Molybdenum Mo 42
Americium Am 95 Moscovium Mc 115
Antimony Sb 51 Neodymium Nd 60
Argon Ar 18 Neon Ne 10
Arsenic As 33 Neptunium Np 93
Astatine At 85 Nickel Ni 28
Barium Ba 56 Nihonium Nh 113
Berkelium Bk 97 Niobium Nb 41
Beryllium Be 4 Nitrogen N 7
Bismuth Bi 83 Nobelium No 102
Bohrium Bh 107 Oganesson Og 118
Boron B 5 Osmium Os 76
Bromine Br 35 Oxygen O 8
Cadmium Cd 48 Palladium Pd 46
Calcium Ca 20 Phosphorus P 15
Californium Cf 98 Platinum Pt 78
Carbon C 6 Plutonium Pu 94
Cerium Ce 58 Polonium Po 84
Cesium Cs 55 Potassium K 19
Chlorine Cl 17 Praseodymium Pr 59
Chromium Cr 24 Promethium Pm 61
Cobalt Co 27 Protactinium Pa 91
Copernicium Cn 112 Radium Ra 88
Copper Cu 29 Radon Rn 86
Curium Cm 96 Rhenium Re 75
Darmstadtium Ds 110 Rhodium Rh 45
Dubnium Db 105 Roentgenium Rg 111
Dysprosium Dy 66 Rudidium Rb 37
Einsteinium Es 99 Ruthenium Ru 44
Erbium Er 68 Rutherfordium Rf 104
Europium Eu 63 Samarium Sm 62
Fermium Fm 100 Scandium Sc 21
Flerovium Fl 114 Seaborgium Sg 106
Fluorine F 9 Selenium Se 34
Francium Fr 87 Silicon Si 14
Gadolinium Gd 64 Silver Ag 47
Gallium Ga 31 Sodium Na 11
Germanium Ge 32 Strontium Sr 38
Gold Au 79 Sulfur S 16
Hafnium Hf 72 Tantalum Ta 73
Hassium Hs 108 Technetium Tc 43
Helium He 2 Tellurium Te 52
Holmium Ho 67 Tennessine Ts 117
Hydrogen H 1 Terbium Tb 65
Indium In 49 Thallium Tl 81
Iodine I 53 Thorium Th 90
Iridium Ir 77 Thulium Tm 69
Iron Fe 26 Tin Sn 50
Krypton Kr 36 Titanium Ti 22
Lanthanum La 57 Tungsten W 74
Lawrencium Lr 103 Uranium U 92
Lead Pb 82 Vanadium V 23
Lithium Li 3 Xenon Xe 54
Livermorium Lv 116 Ytterbium Yb 70
Lutetium Lu 71 Yttrium Y 39
Magnesium Mg 12 Zinc Zn 30
Manganese Mn 25 Zirconium Zr 40
Meitnerium Mt 109

Elements Broken Down By Mass

Finally, if we looked at the atomic mass of each of the elements we will notice that there are huge differences between them.

Here is the list of 118 chemical elements in the order they are presented in the periodic table in which we also include their atomic mass:

Element Name Element Symbol Atomic Number Atomic Mass
Hydrogen H 1 1.0079
Helium He 2 4.0026
Lithium Li 3 6.941
Beryllium Be 4 9.0122
Boron B 5 10.811
Carbon C 6 12.0107
Nitrogen N 7 14.0067
Oxygen O 8 15.9994
Fluorine F 9 18.9984
Neon Ne 10 20.1797
Sodium Na 11 22.9897
Magnesium Mg 12 24.305
Aluminum Al 13 26.9815
Silicon Si 14 28.0855
Phosphorus P 15 30.9738
Sulfur S 16 32.065
Chlorine Cl 17 35.453
Potassium K 19 39.0983
Argon Ar 18 39.948
Calcium Ca 20 40.078
Scandium Sc 21 44.9559
Titanium Ti 22 47.867
Vanadium V 23 50.9415
Chromium Cr 24 51.9961
Manganese Mn 25 54.938
Iron Fe 26 55.845
Nickel Ni 28 58.6934
Cobalt Co 27 58.9332
Copper Cu 29 63.546
Zinc Zn 30 65.39
Gallium Ga 31 69.723
Germanium Ge 32 72.64
Arsenic As 33 74.9216
Selenium Se 34 78.96
Bromine Br 35 79.904
Krypton Kr 36 83.8
Rubidium Rb 37 85.4678
Strontium Sr 38 87.62
Yttrium Y 39 88.9059
Zirconium Zr 40 91.224
Niobium Nb 41 92.9064
Molybdenum Mo 42 95.94
Technetium Tc 43 98
Ruthernium Ru 44 101.07
Rhodium Rh 45 102.9055
Palladium Pd 46 106.42
Silver Ag 47 107.8682
Cadmium Cd 48 112.818
Indium In 49 114.818
Tin Sn 50 118.71
Antimony Sb 51 121.76
Iodine I 53 126.9045
Tellurium Te 52 127.6
Xenon Xe 54 131.293
Cesium Cs 55 132.9055
Barium Ba 56 137.327
Lanthanum La 57 138.9055
Cerium Ce 58 140.116
Praseodymium Pr 59 140.9077
Neodymium Nd 60 144.24
Promethium Pm 61 145
Samarium Sm 62 150.36
Europium Eu 63 151.964
Gadolinium Gd 64 157.25
Terbium Tb 65 158.9253
Dysprosium Dy 66 162.5
Holmium Ho 67 164.9303
Erbium Er 68 167.259
Thulium Tm 69 168.9342
Ytterbium Yb 70 173.04
Lutetium Lu 71 174.967
Hafnium Hf 72 178.49
Tantalum Ta 73 180.9479
Tungsten W 74 183.84
Rhenium Re 75 186.207
Osmium Os 76 190.23
Iridium Ir 77 192.217
Platinum Pt 78 195.078
Gold Au 79 196.9665
Mercury Hg 80 200.59
Thallium Tl 81 204.3833
Lead Pb 82 207.2
Bismuth Bi 83 208.9804
Polonium Po 84 209
Astatine At 85 210
Radon Rn 86 222
Francium Fr 87 223
Radium Ra 88 226
Actinium Ac 89 227
Protactinium Pa 91 231.0359
Thorium Th 90 232.0391
Neptunium Np 93 237
Uranium U 92 238.0289
Americium Am 95 243
Plutonium Pu 94 244
Curium Cm 96 247
Berkelium Bk 97 247
Californium Cf 98 251
Einsteinium Es 99 252
Fermium Fm 100 257
Mendelevium Md 101 258
Nobelium No 102 259
Rutherfordium Rf 104 261
Lawrencium Lr 103 262
Dubnium Db 105 262
Bohrium Bh 107 264
Seaborgium Sg 106 266
Meitnerium Mt 109 268
Roentgenium Rg 111 272
Hassium Hs 108 277
Darmstadtium Ds 110 N/A
Copernicium Cn 112 N/A
Nihonium Nh 113 N/A
Flerovium Fl 114 N/A
Moscovium Mc 115 N/A
Livermorium Lv 116 N/A
Tennessine Ts 117 N/A
Oganesson Og 118 N/A
Hopefully, this helps you study the Periodic Table and gives you a straight answer to the ionic charge, name, and mass of each element in the table.