ADVERTISEMENT

Is Parenting Style Linked To Childhood Aggression?

Researchers have been studying parenting styles since the early 20th century. The way in which parents raise and socialize their children has an effect on many facets of the childā€™s emotional development and will influence them for the rest of their life. One such aspect is aggressive behavioral tendencies.

Supportive parenting has been linked to reduced aggression, while negative parenting can increase aggression. According to attachment theory, healthy parental care promotes a childā€™s normal development, while authoritarian parenting styles are correlated with insecure development.

ADVERTISEMENT

Although the effects of parenting on aggression are significant throughout the world, studies suggest that aggression is less prevalent in collectivistic countries such as China, where group interests are favored over the individual. In fact, one Chinese meta-study found that the effects of parenting on aggression depend on a variety of factors, including socioeconomic factors, age, and cultural influences.

As the authors point out, the strength of the link between parenting and aggression tends to vary within the countryā€™s economic regions. It is strongest for families in Eastern China -the wealthiest part of the country-, weaker in Central China, and weakest in Western China. Parents with more resources, such as those in Eastern China, tend to use those resources to magnify their impact on their childrenā€™s development. This can be beneficial, but it can also aggravate harmful tendencies.

This is consistent with the fact that the impact of parental influence will be lessened if the child has siblings, as resources will be shared amongst all children. However, as regional economies grow, parents rely less on their children to support them and thus have less children. This makes children from richer families in Eastern China more likely to suffer from the impact of parenting.

The presence of siblings also enables children to socialize outside of the parental system, reducing the parentā€™s influence. The presence of peers has a similar effect on the childā€™s development, as the childā€™s attention and emotional solace is focused outside of the family, and this is correlated with age. Nonetheless, the researchers point out that the cumulative effects of parenting on aggression are intensified with time, as older children have spent more time with their parents.

ADVERTISEMENT

Hence even though parents influence wanes over time, older children tend to show the effects of accumulated exposure to parental tendencies. Older children also have more freedom to act more aggressively. Gender also plays a role; girls tend to be socialized to be less aggressive than boys and culture is more accepting of rebellious personalities in males than in females.

Overall, the study corroborates the effects of parenting on aggression, while focusing on the effects of the childā€™s growth environment. The extent of this influence will depend on the presence of siblings and peers, age, and socioeconomic and cultural factors such as gender, parents’ resources, and geographic region.

These findings are described in the article entitled Parenting Style and Aggression:ā€ÆA Meta-Analysis of Mainland Chinese Children and Youth, recently published in the journal Children and Youth Services Review.

Comments

READ THIS NEXT

Earth’s Rotation Is Slowing Down And The Culprit Is The Moon

The moon is responsible for things on Earth, likeĀ our tides and possibly even our weird dreams during a full moon, […]

Functions Of The Thalamus

TheĀ thalamus functions asĀ an anatomical region of the brain, located in the center of the brain, between the cerebral cortex and […]

A Riverā€™s Chemical Fingerprints Of Land Use And Ecology

Rivers carry a cocktail of substances, mostly invisible to the naked eye, that tells a story about its history and […]

Australia Facts That Amaze

These Australia facts will surely inspire: Australia is home to the Great Barrier Reef, which stretches 2,300 km long and […]

DNA As Cristalline Sphere: The Role Of Genes In Academic Performance

Scientists have used a genetic test thought to predict academic achievements solely based on genes. They are already talking about […]

Hydrothermal Lithiation Boosts The Electrochemical Performance Of The NCM Cathode Materials For Lithium Ion Batteries

With the fast increasing pressure of resources and environmental issues, clean energy is becoming an urgent demand in our life. […]

When Was Electricity Invented?

When was electricity invented? The question itself doesn’t make much sense as electricity is a natural phenomenon and therefore wasn’t […]

Science Trends is a popular source of science news and education around the world. We cover everything from solar power cell technology to climate change to cancer research. We help hundreds of thousands of people every month learn about the world we live in and the latest scientific breakthroughs. Want to know more?