About The Author

Panuwan is a research scientist at Chiang Mai University.

Threats To The Bee World: The Tropilaelaps Mite

In the fourth industrial revolution, world digitalization has expedited trade globalization. Recently, giant digital platforms such as Alibaba have engaged in international e-commerce, which has accelerated and gigantically increased cross-border shipments of bulk goods worldwide to serve international customer needs. In many cases, shipments can be even made before the customers place their orders by