Pinocembrin, which is also known as 5,7-dihydroxyflavone (C15H12O4), has been obtained from plants such as Eucalyptus and Pinus heartwood. Pinocembrin is found in propolis, which is widely consumed by humans due to its medicinal properties. Actually, pinocembrin is a major component of propolis. It has been reported that pinocembrin induces cytoprotective effects in human cells.
Carnosic acid (CA, C20H28O4) is characterized as a phenolic diterpene and has been isolated from the Rosmarinus officinalis L. plant. This is a natural compound presenting several beneficial effects to human cells. Carnosic acid is an antioxidant, meaning that it may decrease the impact of reactive species/free radicals in biological systems. Moreover, carnosic acid exhibits the