About The Author

Lygia Sega Nogueira is a postdoctoral researcher at Universidade Federal do Pará. Her research aims to evaluate the ionoregulatory disturbances and oxidative stress caused by metal in bivalves, fishes and crustaceans as well as the possible interference of physicochemical parameters (e.g. salinity, temperature and organic matter) on these toxic effects of metal exposure.

Origin Of Marine Organic Matter Influences Metal Effects In The Early Life Stages Of Mussels

Contamination of the aquatic environment has been a growing problem mainly due to population and industrial increase. Often, toxic substances (known or not!) are released indiscriminately, and among them are metals. Once present in the aquatic environment, metals may cause toxic effects, especially in the early life stage of aquatic organisms. Of all marine organisms,