The Relationship Between Wild Ungulates And Temperate Forests
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About The Author

Juan Ignacio Ramirez currently works at the Department of Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University & Research. Juan Ignacio does research in Ecology. Their current project is 'The role of wild ungulates on temperate forests'.

                       

The Relationship Between Wild Ungulates And Temperate Forests

Wild ungulates such as deer, moose, goats, and boar are key drivers of forest ecosystems, as they can exert strong top-down control on forest structure and dynamics by numerous mechanisms which include rubbing their antlers on trees, stripping bark from tree trunks, and feeding on tree shoots and roots. At the same time, the current increase of ungulate density across the northern hemisphere because of ungulate reintroduction programs, abandonment of agricultural land, competitive release from domestic ungulates, the absence of...

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