Eastern Himalaya Expects Future Timberline Ecotone Densification 
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Over 37 years research: Biodiversity Conservation Management-transboundary, Khangchendzonga Landscape Conservation & Development Initiative (KLCDI), India: Sikkim and north Bengal) program, in Protected Areas: north-west & north-east Himalaya. Conventional approaches of biodiversity conservation-habitat-regeneration and adaptive mechanisms of flora/fauna, relating climate change). Major contributors-developed UNESCO MAB nomination documents for Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve and Manas Biosphere Reserve. Lead member working Group- revised/drafted/edited ‘Sikkim Biodiversity Action Plan 2012’. Medicinal/rare/endangered and multipurpose plants- availability, habitats/conservation utilizing: in-situ/ex-situ approaches, trade/policy. Biocultural/Indigenous knowledge. Ecotourism & wetlands


Eastern Himalaya Expects Future Timberline Ecotone Densification 

The impacts of climate change are vividly expressed in ecosystems, and such climate-induced alterations can be monitored in vegetation. Lately, mountain ecosystems have undergone accelerated changes due to rising temperatures. Temperature is a primary influencing factor promoting the snowmelt and length of the growing season, which crucially determines the nature of plant communities in alpine timberline ecotones, by affecting the productivity, composition, and diversity of an ecosystem. In general, species are expected to shift their distributions pole-ward in latitude and...

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