About The Author

Christopher M. Wood FRSC is a Distinguished Professor in Biology at McMaster University. His research examines the transport of ions and metals such as copper (Cu) and sodium (Na) across the ionoregulatory and nutrient uptake surfaces of aquatic animals.

Origin Of Marine Organic Matter Influences Metal Effects In The Early Life Stages Of Mussels

Contamination of the aquatic environment has been a growing problem mainly due to population and industrial increase. Often, toxic substances (known or not!) are released indiscriminately, and among them are metals. Once present in the aquatic environment, metals may cause toxic effects, especially in the early life stage of aquatic organisms. Of all marine organisms,