192.168.1.1 – Router Login

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What is the 192.168.1.1 – router login? The short answer is that it’s the default login gateway from many/most wireless routers or ADSL modems. Plugging this address into the address bar of a browser will allow the user to login and access the settings of the network and router.

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What kind of settings can be adjusted here? What’s the difference between a router and a modem? Let’s take a look at these router login function in more detail and go over some important terms and phrases.

Your Router And Modem

While routers and modems are some of the most common computer peripherals of all time, many people don’t know what they do or how to distinguish between them. Both your modem and your router deal with your local networks, and your local networks refer to the connections that exist between the various devices in your home, such as PCs, laptops, phones, and tablets. While your local network exists as the connections between these devices, odds are you want your devices and network to be able to access the internet, which is what your modem and router are for.

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Your modem is what connects your local network to the internet. Modem is said to be short for modulator-demodulator, and historically the devices were to modulate the signals of telephone lines so packets of digital information could be encoded and then transmitted over the phone lines, where they were demodulated and decoded on the receiving end. Broadband connections don’t really function like this, but the term stuck around because of its convenience and already existing association with the internet. A modem will connect to your network in different ways, depending on the sort of connection you have, but modems usually standardize this connection (be it a cable, fiber, or satellite) and provide you with a standardized ethernet cable that you can plug into a router or a single device and connect to the internet.

Now that we’ve covered modems, let’s go over routers. A router is a device that takes the various, multiple networks found within your home and then routes network traffic between them. So in the case of a home network, one’s router would have a connection to both the internet and to the private local network. Most routers let you connect multiple wired devices as well and most of them have the ability to connect Wi-Fi devices.

The router is what goes in between the modem (where you connect to the internet) and your home network. It lets you connect multiple devices to the internet by using one device and also facilitates communication between those different devices connected to the local network. The router also has an additional function, it provides your network with an extra level of defense after you connect to the internet, shielding your devices a little. All internet traffic that comes to your house through your modem appears as if it’s coming from a single device, and it’s the job of your router to keep track of what traffic goes to what device.

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Router Login Address Settings

As discussed earlier, the 192.168.1.1 router login address is the address you’ll put into your browser’s address bar to edit certain settings regarding your router. There are other main IP addresses that a router can use, such as 10.0.0.1 or 192.168.0.1. These addresses are referred to as host addresses, and accessing the router settings through the host address lets you change several settings like: DNS, Proxy, LAN, Network management, security options, WLAN Setting, WPS, DSL and DHCP clients.

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Let’s go over some of these settings and discuss what they do.

DNS – This is short of Domain Name System. The DNS is what ties user-friendly domain names like “Google.com” to individual IP addresses. DNS means that you don’t have to have a list of IP addresses, instead you can connect to sites through a domain name server or DNS server, which handles the huge database responsible for linking domain names to IP addresses. Seeing this setting lets you determine what your own DNS is.

Proxy – Your proxy settings mean that intermediary systems can come between the activity of your web browser and other computers or servers. Your ISP utilizes proxy servers to speed up the rate at which information is transferred between your computer and their servers. If you find that your network is running slow, it could be an issue with the proxy and this will allow you to adjust it.

LAN – A Local Area Network is the group of computers and devices that have common communications links between them, so in this instance your home network. The LAN settings will enable you to get more information about your home network and adjust things like firewall settings. Similarly, the network management tool may allow you to see which individual devices are connected to your network and manage the network accordingly.

WLAN – If LAN refers to your local area network, it may not come as any surprise that WLAN refers to your wireless local area network, the system encompassing two or more devices using radio waves to communicate. These are the settings for your wireless local network, and they consist of things like SSID, and WEP/WPA security settings. SSID stands for service set identifier, and its the identification name for a Wi-Fi network, changing this would allow you to change the identifier of your network. WEP and WPA are two different forms of security protocols that help protect your WLAN from unauthorized access. WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy while WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access, WPA is typically recognized to be more secure than WEP. Since 2006 WPA2 has superseded WPA.

DSL – DSL stands for digital subscriber loop, and it is a “last mile” service that lets users access the internet by using existing their currently existing telephone lines. DSL connections have been replaced by fiber in some areas, but if your modem and router utilize a DSL connection you will find the settings for it through this option.

DHCP – DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The protocol lets you quickly and automatically manage the distribution of IP addresses across a network, configuring the proper gateways and DNS server information for your network.

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Opinions expressed are solely the authors and do not express the views or opinions of Science Trends nor the author's institution.
Cite this article as:
Daniel Nelson, MS. 192.168.1.1 – Router Login, Science Trends, 2018. Available at:
http://doi.org/10.31988/SciTrends.21181
*Note, DOIs are registered Friday weekly and therefore may not work until then.

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